In recent years, the health and wellness industry has been buzzing with excitement about the potential benefits of CBD. Despite being associated with marijuana, CBD has been gaining popularity for its potential therapeutic benefits without causing the intoxicating effects often associated with its counterpart, THC. In this blog, we will delve into the world of CBD, exploring its origins, potential uses, and the science behind its effects.
What does CBD stand for, and will cbd make me high?
CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is one of the many naturally occurring compounds known as cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), another well-known cannabinoid found in cannabis, CBD is not psychoactive, meaning it does not produce a “high” sensation. CBD has gained significant attention for its potential therapeutic properties and is commonly used in various wellness and health products.
The Origin and History of CBD
Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years across different cultures. The chemical structure of CBD was first described by British chemist Robert S. Cahn in 1940 when researchers successfully extracted the compound from the cannabis plant. Let’s take a look at the varied history of CBD and how it has been used across different cultures.
Ancient China: Cannabis has been used for various purposes for thousands of years in China. Archaeological evidence suggests that cannabis was used in ancient China for medicinal and textile purposes as far back as 4000 BCE.
Medicinal Use: Ancient texts and medical books in ancient Egypt, Greece, and India describe cannabis as a treatment for various ailments, including pain, inflammation, and gastrointestinal disorders.
19th Century: Cannabis-based medicinal products were widely used in the 19th century in Europe and the United States. They were commonly available in pharmacies and used for pain relief, sedation, and treating various medical conditions.
Modern Day: In the United States, the Agricultural Act of 2014 and the 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp (containing less than 0.3% THC) from the list of controlled substances, making it legal to cultivate and produce hemp-derived CBD products on a federal level. Several countries have also legalized CBD products.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD (cannabidiol) works by interacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and other receptors in the body. The endocannabinoid system is a complex network of receptors and neurotransmitters throughout the body, regulating various physiological processes to maintain balance and homeostasis. CBD exerts its effects by influencing these receptors and promoting interactions with other systems in the body. Here’s how CBD works:
Interaction with Endocannabinoid Receptors:
CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the ECS. CB1 receptors are primarily found in the brain and central nervous system, while CB2 receptors are more prevalent in the peripheral organs and immune cells. CBD does not directly bind to these receptors but modulates their activity, leading to various effects.
CBD influences the ECS by increasing the activity of endocannabinoids; cannabinoids produced naturally by the body. One such endocannabinoid is anandamide, often called the “bliss molecule.” CBD inhibits the enzyme responsible for breaking down anandamide, allowing it to stay in the system longer and amplify its effects on mood and pain perception.
Non-ECS Receptor Interactions:
Besides the ECS, CBD interacts with other receptors in the body, such as serotonin and TRPV1 receptors. CBD’s modulation of serotonin receptors may contribute to its potential anti-anxiety and mood-stabilizing effects. Its interaction with TRPV1 receptors may play a role in reducing pain and inflammation.
Neurotransmitter and Anti-Inflammatory Effects:
CBD has been found to have an impact on various neurotransmitters, including dopamine and GABA, which are involved in mood regulation and anxiety. CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties may help reduce inflammation and alleviate associated symptoms.
CBD exhibits neuroprotective properties, which means it may protect neurons from damage and degeneration. This has implications for various neurological conditions where neuroprotection is beneficial, such as epilepsy and neurodegenerative diseases.
Alleviation of Oxidative Stress:
CBD’s antioxidant properties allow it to combat oxidative stress, which occurs when there is an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in the body. By neutralizing free radicals, CBD may help protect cells from damage and support overall health.
How is CBD produced?
CBD (cannabidiol) is produced by extracting cannabidiol-rich oil from cannabis plants, primarily hemp (a variety of Cannabis sativa with low THC levels). There are different methods of CBD extraction, each with its advantages and suitability for different types of CBD products. Here are the most common methods used to produce CBD:
- The Natbeing CBD way: We use CO2 extraction, one of the most widely used methods for producing high-quality CBD oil. It involves using carbon dioxide (CO2) in a supercritical state (neither liquid nor gas) to extract the cannabinoids and other beneficial compounds from the hemp plant. This method allows for precise control over the extraction process and results in a pure, potent, and safe CBD extract.
- Ethanol Extraction: Ethanol extraction involves soaking the hemp plant material in ethanol (alcohol) to draw out cannabinoids and other plant compounds. After extraction, the alcohol is evaporated, leaving behind a CBD-rich extract. Ethanol extraction is relatively simple and cost-effective, but it may also extract unwanted chlorophyll and other compounds, leading to a less refined product.
- Hydrocarbon Extraction: Hydrocarbon extraction utilizes hydrocarbons like butane, propane, or hexane to extract CBD and other cannabinoids from the hemp plant. The process involves passing the hydrocarbon solvent through the plant material, and then the solvent is evaporated to leave behind the CBD-rich extract. While this method can be efficient, there is a risk of residual solvents remaining in the final product, which may be harmful if not properly removed.
- Olive Oil Extraction: Olive oil extraction is a simple and safe method that involves heating hemp plant material with olive oil. The heat decarboxylates the cannabinoids, converting acidic forms like CBDa into CBD. However, olive oil extracts are less concentrated and have a shorter shelf life than other extraction methods.
All the benefits of CBD:
CBD (cannabidiol) has garnered significant attention recently for its potential therapeutic properties. While research is ongoing, numerous studies and anecdotal reports suggest various potential benefits of CBD use. Here are some of the possible benefits of CBD:
Pain Relief: CBD creams and other products have shown promise in relieving chronic pain conditions such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and neuropathic pain. Studies suggest CBD’s interaction with the ECS may reduce inflammation and pain signaling.
Anxiety and Stress Reduction: Anxiety and depression are prevalent mental health disorders affecting millions worldwide. Some research indicates that CBD may have anxiolytic and antidepressant properties, possibly due to its interaction with serotonin receptors in the brain. Check out our CBD gummies to see the full effects of CBD on anxiety and stress relief.
Improved Sleep Quality: CBD’s calming effects have led many to explore its potential in managing sleep disorders like insomnia. By alleviating anxiety and promoting relaxation, our sleep gummies may help improve sleep quality.
Neuroprotective Properties: There is growing interest in CBD’s potential to protect nerve cells from damage and degeneration. It may have applications in conditions such as Parkinson’s and epilepsy, but more research is needed.
Anti-Inflammatory Benefits: CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties may help with various inflammatory conditions and promote overall wellness. Check out our CBD oil for your anti-inflammatory support.
Skin Health: CBD’s anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties have found their way into skincare products, with some evidence suggesting its effectiveness in managing skin conditions like acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
Smoking Cessation: CBD has shown promise in helping individuals quit smoking by reducing cigarette cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
Antioxidant Effects: CBD’s antioxidant properties can combat oxidative stress and protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
Cardiovascular Health: CBD may support heart health by reducing blood pressure and protecting blood vessels from inflammation.
Anti-Nausea: CBD may alleviate nausea and vomiting, making it potentially helpful for individuals undergoing chemotherapy or experiencing motion sickness.
Muscle Relaxation: CBD’s muscle-relaxing properties can benefit athletes or individuals experiencing muscle tension or spasms.
Bone Health: CBD may promote bone health and heal fractures due to its potential effects on bone formation.
Appetite Regulation: CBD can influence appetite, potentially helping those with appetite-related issues like loss of hunger or overeating.
Individual responses to CBD can vary, and CBD’s optimal dosage and form may differ depending on the specific health concern.
CBD in the United States: What are the laws, and how are they enforced?
Farm Bill 2018
The Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, commonly referred to as the 2018 Farm Bill, was passed by the United States government, removing hemp (defined as Cannabis sativa L. with less than 0.3% THC by dry weight) from the list of controlled substances.
This means hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC (varies from state to state) are generally considered legal under federal law.
These products can now be legally produced, sold, and consumed throughout the United States.
The role of individual states
While hemp-derived CBD is legal on a federal level, individual states have the authority to enact their own laws regarding CBD and hemp. Some states may have stricter regulations, impose additional restrictions, or ban certain CBD products altogether.
Most states have defined the limit of THC at 0.3%, but some states, like Georgia and Kansas, have upped it to 5%.
The role of the FDA regarding CBD
The FDA approved one CBD-based medication called Epidiolex in 2018. Epidiolex treats two rare forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
The FDA considers most other CBD products (apart from Epidiolex) unapproved drugs, as they are marketed with claims to treat or cure medical conditions.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has the authority to regulate CBD products marketed with therapeutic claims or added to food products. The FDA has not approved CBD as a dietary supplement.
Age limit for CBD use
On a federal level, there is no minimum age requirement for CBD use. Age restrictions for CBD use are determined at the state level, and individual states can set their own rules.
Some states have specific age limits for purchasing or using CBD products, while others do not have any age restrictions.
How is CBD different from marijuana and hemp?
Before we understand how CBD is different, we must understand what each of them is.
Marijuana: Marijuana is a cannabis plant that contains relatively high levels of THC, the psychoactive compound responsible for producing the “high” sensation.
Legally, marijuana is defined as cannabis containing more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. It is commonly used for recreational and medicinal purposes. Our CBDs are not sourced from marijuana plants as they contain a high amount of THC.
Hemp: Hemp is a Cannabis sativa plant that contains very low levels of THC, usually less than 0.3% THC by dry weight (or 0.2% THC in Europe).
Hemp has been cultivated for various industrial purposes, including fiber, seeds, oils, and CBD extraction. Unlike marijuana, hemp does not have psychoactive effects due to its low THC content. Each of our CBD products is sourced from USA-grown hemp plants to follow Farm Bill 2018.
CBD (Cannabidiol): CBD is one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis plants, including marijuana and hemp. It is non-psychoactive, meaning it does not produce a “high” or alter a person’s state of mind. CBD has gained popularity for its potential therapeutic properties and is commonly extracted from hemp plants due to its low THC content.
- Marijuana refers to cannabis plants high in THC, causing psychoactive effects.
- Hemp is a variety of Cannabis sativa with very low THC levels, used for industrial purposes and CBD extraction.
- CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in both marijuana and hemp, often extracted from hemp for various products.
Is it OK to consume CBD every day?
Consuming CBD daily can be safe for many individuals, but it’s essential to approach CBD use cautiously and be mindful of various factors. CBD is generally well-tolerated, and there is no evidence of significant adverse effects associated with daily use. However, individual responses to CBD can vary, and some people may experience mild side effects such as fatigue, dry mouth, or changes in appetite.
Here are some considerations for using CBD daily:
- Dosage: Start with a low dosage and gradually increase it if necessary. The optimal dosage can vary depending on body weight, metabolism, and the specific reason for using CBD.
- Quality of Products: Ensure you use high-quality CBD products like Natbeing CBD. Look for products like ours that have been third-party tested for potency and purity to ensure you get a safe and effective product.
- THC Content: If you are using full-spectrum CBD products (containing all cannabinoids from the hemp plant), be aware that they may have trace amounts of THC. All our CBD products’ THC levels are below the legal limit of 0.3%,
- Interactions with Medications: If you take any medications, consult a healthcare professional before using CBD regularly. CBD may interact with certain medications, potentially affecting their efficacy or metabolism.
- Individual Sensitivity: Everyone’s body reacts differently to substances, including CBD. Pay attention to how you feel after taking CBD regularly, and if you experience any adverse effects, consider adjusting the dosage or frequency.
- Health Conditions: If you have underlying health conditions, especially liver or kidney issues, seeking advice from a healthcare professional before using CBD daily is crucial.
- Lifestyle Factors: Consider how CBD fits into your overall lifestyle. If you use CBD for specific reasons, such as pain relief or anxiety management, be consistent with its use and monitor its effects over time.
Does CBD lower sperm count?
There is limited research on the direct effects of CBD (cannabidiol) on sperm count or male fertility.
Most of the available research on CBD focuses on its potential therapeutic benefits for various health conditions rather than its impact on fertility.
However, it’s important to note that CBD is just one of the many compounds found in cannabis, and the overall effects of cannabis on male fertility have been a subject of scientific investigation.
Some studies on the use of cannabis (not specifically CBD) have suggested potential negative effects on male fertility, particularly with long-term and heavy use.
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive compound in cannabis responsible for the “high” sensation, has been shown to affect the endocannabinoid system and hormonal balance in the body, potentially leading to changes in sperm count and quality.
However, the effects of THC are distinct from those of CBD, as CBD does not have psychoactive properties and interacts differently with the endocannabinoid system.
Since research on CBD and male fertility is limited, it is essential to approach this topic with caution.
If you are planning to conceive or have concerns about male fertility, it’s best to consult with a healthcare professional or a reproductive specialist.
CBD is a fascinating compound that has captured the attention of the health and wellness community due to its potential therapeutic benefits. While research is ongoing, early studies indicate promising results in various areas, from pain management to mental health and beyond. As CBD continues to be a subject of scientific interest, it’s essential to stay updated with the latest research and consult with experts to make informed decisions about its use. Whether you’re intrigued by its potential benefits or merely curious about this naturally occurring compound, CBD’s journey is undoubtedly one to watch in health and well-being.